Angola - High priority areas / Hotspots

SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS

Cholera burden and dynamics

Localization of cholera hotspots

Risk factors

23% of rural populations and 63% of urban population have access to at least basic drinking water sources (estimates not markedly improved since 2000 - 24% and 67%, respectively)

            21% of rural populations and 62% of urban populations have access to at least basic sanitation

            Limited access to sanitation facilities was a risk factor during recent cholera outbreaks in Cunene, Zaire, Cabinda and Uíge

            73% of rural populations and 50% urban populations have no handwashing facility on premises

           Approximately 56% of rural populations and 3% of urban populations resort to open defecation in Angola.1

           Approximately one third of the population practices handwashing at critical times

          –Overall cholera case numbers increased between October and December, which corresponds to early months of the rainy season (starting in September)

        –An extended drought that started in late 2011, followed by the onset of the rainy season in southern Angola triggered a sharp in cholera cases during the 2012-2013 period, mainly concentrated in Cunene Province.

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